Although Bhutan is still at the negotiation stage on its accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) since 2004, the registrar of Bhutan Medical and Health Council, Sonam Dorji said becoming a member of WTO would not benefit the public and health system in the country.
Sonam Dorji was speaking at a panel discussion on Bhutanâ€™s international trade negotiations on Tuesday during a workshop on review of Intellectual Property Legal and Policy Coherence to Promote Access to Health Technologies, including medicines in Bhutan. The workshop had about 40 participants but only five members of parliament (MP) attended it even though about 20 MPs had confirmed their attendance.
He said there is a need for good analysis because joining a WTO would mean free access to trade and services. â€œThatâ€™s why in terms of product, we need to be careful because after the transitional period expires, weâ€™ll have to effectively enforce the intellectual property law, which means the cost of medicine would increase,â€ he said. â€œThe IP law may or may not have the flexibilities and we need to understand what it means and if we would be able to use.â€
However, the department of tradeâ€™s senior trade officer, Tshewang Dorji T said otherwise. Tshewang Dorji T said that joining WTO would mean Bhutan would become a part of global community and reform economic and trade policies by accessing to WTO.
He said that being a least developed country, WTO would help develop the capacity of trade officials and relevant sectors in Bhutan, which more or less follows the WTO rules and regulations although it is not a member.
â€œIt is too early to tell the impact of WTO on health sector because health and pharmaceutical issues came late at the WTO discussion,â€ he said. He added that if Bhutan becomes a member, the health sector could have access to specialists from abroad.
Another panelist, a legal consultant based in India, Kajal Bhardwaj, said it is good to continue the national discussion and not to make decisions because it is important to study not only about the WTO impact but also the bilateral pressure from other country members.