The Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) cannot be removed from the countryâ€™s politics, according to an official from the militaryâ€™s National Defense College (NDC) at a panel discussion on civilian-military relations during the Forum on Myanmarâ€™s Democratic Transition in Naypyitaw on Friday.
â€œConsidering the reality, it is impossible to remove the military from politics,â€ said Col Aung Myint Oo, head of internal and external relations at NDC.
â€œFor a government to be strong, it needs to solve security problems in its territory. For Myanmar to do so, it has to make use of the Tatmadaw as one of its institutions.â€
Civilian-military relations has been a hot topic following the arrest and prosecution of three journalists by the military under the Unlawful Associations Act, and Yangon Region chief minister U Phyo Minâ€™s statement in July that the militaryâ€™s commander-in-chief was on the same level as a director-general according to state protocol in a democracy.
Myanmarâ€™s 2008 Constitution guarantees defense services participation in national political leadership roles. The military is assured 25 percent of parliamentary seatsâ€”enough to vetoâ€”and control of the home, defense, and border affairs ministries.
At the forum, representatives from the civilian side of the government suggested putting the military under civilian control while military representatives encouraged cooperation.
Shan State minister for planning and economy U Soe Nyunt Lwin told The Irrawaddy that many of the problems facing the country could be solved by putting the military under civilian control.
He said the military was under civilian control in periods under British and Japanese rule, and following the 1947 Constitution.
â€œIf the military is willing to be under civilian control, many problems including land rights for farmers and internal peace could be solved,â€ said U Soe Nyunt Lwin.
â€œIn Indonesia, the military took the lead role in implementing transition. So is the case in Myanmar. But, in Indonesia, the military didnâ€™t intervene in politics,â€ he told The Irrawaddy.
Col Aung Myint Oo argued that defense forces are exploited for political motives.
Though the National League for Democracy (NLD) takes a restrained approach toward the Tatmadaw according to its policy on national reconciliation, the Tatmadaw stands on its own policy, and there is an imbalance in the national reconciliation process, said political analyst U Than Soe Naing.
â€œAccording to the very essence of the 2008 Constitution, it is the Tatmadaw which will decide the fate of Myanmarâ€™s politics. Myanmar will get peace only when they display magnanimity,â€ he told The Irrawaddy.