Deficiencies in Afghanistan’s security forces, including the military and police, are getting renewed attention as the USÂ administration considers sending more than 3,000 additionalÂ troopsÂ to the country.
PresidentÂ Donald TrumpÂ held talks on Thursday with his Afghan counterpart,Â Ashraf Ghani, on the sidelines of theÂ UNÂ General Assembly in New York City, where both expressed optimism about the planned increase inÂ USÂ troop numbers.
The US has spent $70bn training Afghan forces since 2002 and is still spending more than $4bn a year, according to a report from the Special Inspector General forÂ AfghanistanÂ Reconstruction (SIGAR), published on Thursday.
Despite those sums, Afghan security forces are struggling to prevent advances byÂ Talibanfighters, more than 16 years after the US invadedÂ AfghanistanÂ to topple the Taliban government that gaveÂ al-QaedaÂ the sanctuary where it plotted theÂ September 11, 2001, attacks.
According to US estimates, government forces control less than 60 percent ofÂ Afghanistan, with almost half the country either contested or under the control of fighters.
The report said US forces focused on carrying out military operations during the initial years after the 2001 invasion, rather than developing the Afghan army and police.
When the US andÂ NATOÂ did look to develop the security forces, they did so with little input from senior Afghan officials, according to the report.
“The report does not surprise us. We’ve been hearing about these irregularities for many years now, and many here in Afghanistan have witnessed it,” Habib Wardak, an Afghan security specialist, told Al Jazeera from Kabul.
John Sopko, the head of SIGAR, said that one US officer watched TV shows such as Cops and NCIS to understand what to teach Afghan officials.”The presentations were not only of questionable relevance to the Afghan setting but also overlooked the high levels of illiteracy among the police,” the report said.
According to SIGAR, 6,785 Afghan soldiers and police officers were killed between January 1 and November 12, 2016, with another 11,777 wounded.
Even those partial numbers showed an increase of about 35 percent from all of 2015 when some 5,000 security forces were killed.
Still, Sopko credited the Afghans for “fighting hard and improving in many ways”, but stressed the US and NATO have to do a better job helping them.