Afghan government leaders are optimistic about the implementation of the Afghanistan-Pakistan Action Plan for Peace and Solidarity (APAPPS) and that it will help to ease tension between Kabul and Islamabad.
The Presidential Palace said the president’s recent talks with Pakistani military officials, including his meeting with Pakistan’s Army Chief General Qamar Javid Bajwa on Monday in Kabul, have been effective.
“Effective and important talks with Pakistan helps us to find logical solutions for historical and fundamental problems,” President Ashraf Ghani’s deputy spokesman Shahussain Murtazawi said.
According to government, the difference between Monday’s meeting and previous meetings was that the two sides agreed not to repeat “mistaken” politics.
“Mr. Bajwa clearly said that the continuance of mistaken politics is neither in Afghanistan nor in Pakistan’s favor and politics should change in line with cases,” said Omid Maisam, deputy spokesman for Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah.
“Priorities should be defined when Pakistan wants to help us in peace and security. It should be defined as to what Pakistan wants and what Afghanistan wants from Pakistan,” said Mirza Mohammad Yarmand, the former deputy minister of interior.
An Afghan lawmaker, Abdul Rauf Enami, said the action plan does not include the prevention of “terrorists’” from entering Afghanistan and the issue of madrassas in Pakistan.
“No meeting with Pakistan has helped us to improve security in Afghanistan for at least 10 days,” he said.
Kabul and Islamabad finalized the APAPPS in April when Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi visited Kabul.
Key principles of the action plan include:
- Pakistan to support the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process,
- The two countries agreed to undertake effective action against fugitives and irreconcilable elements posing security threats to either of the two countries,
- Both countries commit to prevent the use of their respective territories by any country, network, group or individuals for anti-state activities against either country,
- To put in place a joint supervision, coordination and confirmation mechanism through Liaison Officers (LOs) for the realization of the agreed actions.
- The two countries commit to avoid territorial and aerial violations of each other’s territory,
- The two countries pledged to avoid public blame games and instead use APAPPS cooperation mechanisms to respond to mutual issues of contention and concerns, and
- Establish working groups and necessary cooperation mechanisms as per APAPPS for full implementation of the APAPPS and the above, mutually reinforcing principles.