China is the fifth biggest arms supplier in the world and also supplies the most weapons to Indiaâ€™s neighbours, a study by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute has shown.
Around 35% of Chinaâ€™s arms supplies went to Pakistan between 2013 and 2017, followed by 19% to Bangladesh. Dhaka procured 71% of its arms from China over the five-year period, and Myanmar 68%.
The five largest arms exporters in the world are the United States (which sells 35% of the worldâ€™s weapons), Russia (22%), France, Germany and China. Together, these five countries account for 74% of arms supplies around the world.
On the other hand, India was the largest importer of arms during the 2013-â€™17 period. Its largest arms supplier was Russia, from which it bought 62% of its weaponry. The United States and Israel were in second and third place. India also held 12% of the worldâ€™s total arms purchases from 2013 to 2017.
Pakistanâ€™s arms imports fell by 36% from 2008-â€™12 to 2013-â€™17. The sale of US arms to Pakistan dropped by 76% in 2013-â€™17 compared to 2008-â€™12. This was â€œdue to US perceptions that Pakistan was not fully committed to combating the Taliban,â€ the report said.
With the decline in US military aid, Pakistanâ€™s arms imports from China rose from 45% of its total weapons imports in 2008-â€™12 to 70% in 2013-â€™17.
Weapons procurement by countries in West Asia increased by 103% during 2013-â€™17. As many as 31% of arms transfers to West Asia went to Saudi Arabia, 14% to Egypt and 13% to the United Arab Emirates, the study showed.