No tigers in Bangladesh Sundarbans by 2070, as region faces 100% habitat...

Bengal tigers could vanish from the Bangladesh Sundarbans in the next 50 years--by 2070--as a combination of climate change and rising sea levels threatens their last remaining habitats, says a new study by a team of researchers from Bangladesh... More

Peace march kicks up more war in Myanmar

As Myanmar’s government invites a group of eight ethnic armed groups to yet another round of talks on March 21 to the capital Naypyitaw, the ethnically divided nation is more clearly headed towards more war than peace. The... More

The Gurkhas: 200 years of exploitation

The Gurkhas need no introduction. The 200-year-old institution renowned throughout the world as the brave of the braves can stand on its own, and the Gurkhas are probably the only such fighters who can win wars in... More

Bangladesh vs. India in the development race

There’s an old theory that as an organism develops, it progresses through the same evolutionary stages traveled by its ancestors. Traditionally, economic development has worked in a similar way. When a country first shifts from agrarian poverty... More

Post-Pulwama attack: Challenges and available options

Pulwama incident has produced nothing unexpected. Any serious students of Political Science or International Relations could have told the Indian reaction, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) narrative, and mob violence in advance. Who hit Pulwama? There are... More

After terror, polarizing politics in India

On Feb. 14, a 19-year-old drove a vehicle filled with explosives into a convoy of Indian paramilitary forces in Indian-administered Kashmir and killed 49 soldiers. Jaish-e-Muhammad, or the Army of Muhammad, a Pakistan-based terrorist group, claimed responsibility... More

Rohingya urgently need relief, but is world willing to make an effort?

Eighteen months after being driven from their homes in Myanmar by what U.N. officials described as a campaign of genocidal violence by the military, the situation facing Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh remains perilous. Hundreds of thousands of... More

Kashmir is scarred by another year of rage and grief

The graves are still fresh and the soil has not yet settled. Behind the statistics of those killed in Kashmir in 2018 lie heart-wrenching stories. No one knows exactly how many are injured and maimed for life; only the dead find themselves counted. If CASO (cordon and search operations) was a More

Seven global forces shaping Pakistan’s future

The most fundamental point that needs to be made right at the outset is this: Pakistan’s future will be determined – as has always been the case and for all nations – by the decisions that Pakistan... More

Indian content and discontent

Former Indian army chief and now a junior cabinet minister VK Singh just made a prediction. Banning Indian content will not stop Pakistanis from watching Indian shows. The fact that someone with Singh’s profile felt the need... More

Winning an election, but losing a country? A closer look at Bangladesh’s...

Bangladesh’s 2014 election, boycott ted by the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and won virtual ly uncontested by the ruling Awami League, was arguably the most discredited national poll in the country’s history. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s... More

How Indian secret agents removed the god king of Sikkim and claimed...

For more than two years India’s foreign intelligence agency led a top-secret campaign to draw in the Himalayan kingdom of Sikkim as the 22nd state of the Indian Union. In April 1975, after a contentious referendum rejected... More

On the road in the Karakoram

The snowed-over Khunjerab Pass, at 4,934 meters, stands eerily silent on a freezing late autumn morning. On the Pakistani side, a wooden house serves as a small customs office fronted by “the highest ATM in the world” –... More

Pakistan and India

Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck, the commander-in-chief of the British Indian Army, was initially in favour of a joint military command for India and Pakistan. This idea was impractical and therefore soon abandoned. But while reading this,... More

US-Pakistan relation: A paradigm shift

With the changing geo-strategic situation and after the Twitter blitz, Donald Trump turns to Pakistan to get rid of Afghan mess and seeking help from Islamabad to influence the Taliban by bringing them to the negotiating table.... More

What should Brexit mean for India?

Pay Attention ‘Brexit’ evokes a range of responses, from the bemused, “what the heck is going on?” to the apathetic “who cares?” The Indian reaction resonates between the phlegmatic (“this topic doesn’t perturb me”) and amused (“ha, the... More

An evaluation of Sri Lanka’s democratic credentials

On Monday, Sri Lanka’s Court of Appeal issued an interim injunction suspending the government of Mahinda Rajapaksa, his ministers, deputy ministers, and state ministers from continuing to function in their respective portfolios. This has reversed, albeit temporarily,... More

As India becomes richer, more Indians leave country

As India has become wealthier, more of its citizens are leaving its shores. An estimated 17 million Indians were living abroad in 2017, making India the largest source country for international migrants globally, up from seven million in... More

Sri Lanka’s failing coup might succeed at the ballot box

Following an attempted coup, Sri Lanka remains mired in crisis. President Maithripala Sirisena is still trying to ensure that Mahinda Rajapaksa, his newly—and illegally—appointed prime minister, secures his position. But Ranil Wickremesinghe, the legitimate prime minister, says... More

Indian FM ruins the happy air: Kartarpur doesn’t mean dialogue

Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday (November 28) performed the groundbreaking of the long-awaited corridor connecting Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur area of Narowal district to Dera Baba Nanak in India’s Gurdaspur district. The event was attended... More

CPEC: Exposed to hybrid warfare

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a promising project. Therefore, the people of Pakistan appreciate it and are optimistic about its socio-economic benefits. Simultaneously, it is panicking for the adversaries of Pakistan and thereby they have been hatching... More


Pakistan, Afghan peace and India

After almost two decades the US-led NATO intervention in Afghanistan aimed at eradicating the Taliban had no end in sight. US President Donald Trump and the American people, if not the US military, decided that an honourable exit was necessary to end the longest war in US history. Despite the fact that one of Trump’s election promise was to exit Afghanistan (Iraq and Syria) by reluctantly Troop had approved... More

Despite controversy, Afghanistan Peace Process makes major strides

Despite Kabul’s publicly made allegations on the US about ‘selling Afghanistan to the Taliban’ in the peace talks, there is little gainsaying that the Afghan-US war has never been so close to ending through settlement than it is now. While Kabul continues to express its anger over being excluded, there is little, given the legitimacy crisis Kabul is itself facing, that even the principal Afghan actors can do to... More

Regulators and conflict of interest

A governmental body created by a legislature to implement and enforce specific laws, a "Regulatory Agency" or a "Regulator" would usually have quasi-legislative functions, executive functions, and judicial functions. Many laws govern social and economic matters, such as income tax, environmental laws, occupational health and safety laws, real estate law, employment laws, etc. A regulatory agency serves two primary functions in govt: implement the laws and enforce the same. Regulations... More

Is Bangladesh an online state?

Bangladesh is an online state with an incredibly high number of virtual citizens. Few can match them in enthusiasm, participation and enjoyment of what the online world offers, good or bad. Much great stuff happens on the net but so does nasty stuff. It’s also a great producer of cultural and otherwise, not to mention, political ones. The recent spate of actions against online content considered “harmful” have spiked, which,... More

How China might undo Saudi plans for Iran?

The recent Saudi bid to increase its economic and political influence in South Asia (Pakistan and India) is, as I pointed out in my previous stories for SAM, largely informed not just by the imperative of a Saudi economic expansion across Asia and avoid economic doom, but also by the objective of snatching Iran’s share of oil market in this part of the world. This is partly one reason... More



The fourth summit of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), held in Kathmandu on August 30 and 31, was “not fruitful” because of the inherent “weakness” of the regional inter-state institution,... More